FRESHWATER
APPLESNAILS

Common Name:  Applesnail, Mystery Snail

Species Name:  Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea Bridgesii

Approx. Size:  P. canaliculata - Baseball, P. Bridgesii - Golfball

Compatibility:  Peaceful

Temperature:  18 to 28°C (65-82°F).

Water Chemistry:  7 - 8 pH, high calcium content

Diet:  Herbivores / Omnivores
 
The common name ’Apple Snail’ is applied to a wide range of species.  The most frequently found in
stores are P. bridgesii and P. canaliculata.  P. canaliculata comes in shades of gold, brown and muted
greens.  P. bridgesii sports a wide array of shades, including pink, purple, ivory, gold, black, brown and
blue.  Most common  species are easy to care for and breed, especially in the presence of optimum
conditions, nutritious food & space.

To produce snails with thick, healthy shells, they must be fed a high-calcium diet and be kept in a clean
environment which is rich in calcium.

To provide a good environment for proper shell growth, you may wish to use coral or other calcium-rich
substrate.  Adding Tufa Rock or other Limestone will also contribute to a high-calcium environment.  
You may wish to supplement the water periodically with manufactured products, such as Kent’s Liquid
Calcium.

Although Apple Snails enthusiastically eat fish food and algae wafers, a diet high in calcium will ensure
healthy shell growth.  Choose foods with a high calcium content, often found in foods produced for
crabs.  Vegetables which are high in calcium contribute to the overall health of the snails, as well as a
strong shell.  Some examples of high-calcium vegetables are:  Turnip Greens, Collards, Dill Weed,
Chinese Cabbage and Romaine Lettuce.  Vegetables will have to be partially cooked so they are soft
enough for your snails to eat.  Boiling the vegetables in your microwave is a quick and easy way to
soften vegetables.  Remove uneaten vegetables within 48 hours.  P. bridgesii Applesnails will not eat
aquarium plants, whereas P. canaliculata  will devour them with great enthusiasm.

These particular Apple Snails lay their eggs above the waterline.  Population control is as easy as
removing these egg clutches.  Otherwise they may be left on the glass or removed for incubation. The
clutches will hatch in 2-6 weeks, depending on temperature & humidity.  They may be raised with the
adults or separated.
 
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